Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (or Moscow Treaty (2002)


Bilateral agreement between the U.S. and Russia:

  • The United States and Russia would be limited to 1,700 to 2,200 strategic nuclear warheads apiece.
  • Limits must be in place by 2012.
  • Each country can withdraw from the treaty with three months notice by citing "a supreme national interest."
  • Verification procedures in the 1991 START I treaty, such as onsite inspections, will apply to the new deal, though they will not be spelled out in the treaty. A new U.S.-Russian commission will discuss how to implement the treaty.
  • The agreement allows either side to decide what to do with the warheads removed from missiles, long-range bombers and submarines. No warheads would have to be destroyed.